Hobart and Surrounds Local History
Local History of the Region of Hobart and Surrounds in Tasmania, Australia
Hobart is the capital city of the Australian state of Tasmania. The region of Hobart and Surrounds is steeped in local history, starting from the time when the Tasmanian Aboriginals were the only inhabitants of the island.
The Tasmanian Aboriginals
The Tasmanian Aboriginals were the original inhabitants of the island, and they lived in the Hobart region for more than 35,000 years before the arrival of Europeans. They were known for their hunter-gatherer lifestyle, which involved fishing, hunting, and gathering plants and animals for food. The Tasmanian Aboriginals had a rich culture and traditions, including a complex system of social organization and belief systems that revolved around the spiritual significance of animals and the natural landscape.
The Arrival of Europeans
The first European to sight Tasmania was the Dutch navigator Abel Tasman in 1642. However, it wasn't until 1772 that the British explorer Captain James Cook visited the region. In 1803, the British established a settlement at Risdon Cove, which is now part of the greater Hobart area.
The Convict Era
In 1804, the authorities decided to move the settlement to Sullivan's Cove, which is now the Hobart CBD. Hobart quickly became a hub for transportation and convicts due to its location and natural harbor. Between 1803 and 1853, more than 70,000 convicts were sent to Tasmania, and many of them ended up in Hobart. The convict era left a significant imprint on the region, including the construction of many historic buildings that still stand today, such as the Hobart Gaol and the Cascade Brewery.
The Expansion of Hobart
In the 19th century, Hobart expanded rapidly, due in part to the Tasmanian gold rush. The region also became known for its agriculture and industry, including wool, timber, and whaling. In the mid-20th century, Hobart became a tourist destination, known for its beautiful scenery and outdoor activities.
The Modern Era
Tasmania has continued to grow and evolve in the 21st century, with Hobart and its surrounds still playing a significant role in the state's economy and society. The region is home to a diverse and vibrant community, including many artists, musicians, and craftspeople. The area is also known for its natural beauty, including the iconic Mount Wellington, which looms over the city.
History of in Hobart and Surrounds
The local history of the region of Hobart and Surrounds is a rich and complex tapestry, shaped by the diverse peoples who have lived, worked, and played in the area for thousands of years. From the Tasmanian Aboriginals to the convicts to the modern-day residents and visitors, the region has seen many changes over the centuries, but its natural beauty and rich culture continue to endure.